1-Chemical Composition

carbolic acid

The main ingredients to realize endopeel technics are :

  • carbolic acid ( different from phenol - read below)
  • peanuts oil acid
  • menthol

2-Endopeels Carbolic Acid

Carbolic Acid and Phenol have been considered similar for most organic chemistry engineers as medical doctors, pharmacists ...

In fact carbolic acid is a weak acid and phenol is a strong basis.

That means that carbolic acid and phenol like on the image are same in organic chemistry formula development, but they are completely different concerning endopeel in general chemistry and physico chemistry.

There are 3 main differences :

  1. Resonance stabilization of the phenoxide anion by the aromatic ring.In this way, the negative charge on oxygen is shared by the ortho and para carbon atoms. That is why carbolic acid is used instead of phenol for endopeel techniques ( which lead to medical liftings obtained by chemical myoplasty, myopexy and myotension)
  2. Increased acidity in the result of orbital overlap between the oxygen's lone pairs and the aromatic system.
  3. The dominant effect is the induction from the sp2 hybridized carbons;the comparatively more powerful inductive withdrawal of electron density that is provided by the sp2 system compared to an sp3 system allows the great stabilization of the oxyanion

Bibliographic Reference

chemical peels

1-Dewandre L., Tenenbaum A.. Chemical Peels of Drs. Mark G. Rubin and Rebecca Tung 2 nd Edition. Imprint: Saunders. Chapter 1: Chemistry of Peelings and Hypothesis of the Mechanism of Action ISBN: 978-1-4377-1924-6. Copyright: 2011

3-Equation of Henderson Hasselbach

Legend :

  • HA represents the molecular form of the weak acid with where H is the atom of hydrogen
  • A- represents the anion and H+ the proton, which in solution leads to the ion hydronium H30+
  • Ka is the constant of acidity . The pKa of endopeel carbolic acid is 6.65

equation hasselbach

4-ignorance and prejudges

Einstein used to say that it was easier to break an atome than to break prejudges.

We do not have the right to open our mouth if our mind is close.

Courteline : Passer pour un idiot aux yeux d un imbécile est un plaisir de fin gourmet.
Look like an idiot in the eyes of a fool is a fun foodie

6- History

We have made a comparaison between phenol and carbolic acid of Endopeels mixture at the beginning our our studies.
Results were the followings :

  • Phenol led to necrosis like we could imagine
  • Endopeels mixture containing carbolic acid never showed any sign of necrosis . A complete restitutio ad integrum after 6-7 months is the rule.

Further more, we have repeated the sessions of Endopeel and never got any necrosis and never got any sign of infection.

Endopeel exist now since 17 years and never we got any necrosis as infections since the beginning of our studies as practise.